How to include peace in the school curricula?
Schools are the most important social route for learning. Even though school programs are mainly focused on building academic skills, it is equally essential to learn how to develop life skills. Quite often, we are faced with conflicts and violence, in all aspects of our lives. Youths are the future of the nation and they can often serve as mentors for their friends and relatives, while adopting good behavior and especially transmitting peace. This will eventually lead to a great improvement of the world.
And as Prem Rawat puts it: « Peace is waiting for us to discover it », education is the best tool to use for its quest.
Education : a double-edged sword
Even if education is at the heart of peace-building process, it is important to note its two facets. Evidence has it that if education opportunities are available, equitable good, relevant and conflict-sensitive, it can contribute to the promotion of peace, as Prem Rawat is trying to find ways to establish and create a safe environment.
On the other hand, when education is characterized by exclusion and inequality, it can exacerbate conflicts. That is the reason why it is mandatory to sustain deliberate efforts to set up more reliable strategies and political systems, which aim at making the most out of peace education.
Can education meet the challenge?
Through education, we can transmit different kinds of things, particularly knowledge, know-how, moral values as well as positive attitudes, which are all important factors to the socio-economic and political development of a country.
This function is clearly defined by the Objective of the sustainable development 4, which is also known as the ODD 4. Furthermore, the ODD 4.7's objective is to promote and teach the necessary know-how and know-how-to-be to each individual so that everyone could contribute to the sustainable development of the nation and the whole world. The learning process is to be done with respect to the following:
- Human rights, gender equality, along with the promotion of a culture of peace and non-violence,
- Education for sustainable development and sustainable lifestyles,
- Appreciation of the differences in nationality and in cultural diversity, in addition to the contribution of culture to sustainable development.
What kind of education can take the challenge?
One of the key interventions of education in peace promotion consists of elaborating conflict-sensitive political and educational systems. It involves taking further analysis of conflicts related to educational systems, structures and services, in order to identify the leading factors to conflicts and violence, as well as the resulting dynamics, which will facilitate practical, realistic intervention, aiming at building peace through education.
School curricula and education services should be conceived for realistic, practical purposes. In addition, they need to be designed to enhance local economy and culture, while paying close attention to minority groups, Traveling Community members and other mobile community members. What's more, it is equally crucial to conceive possible education alternatives for marginalized individuals as well as troubled people, especially the adolescents and youths.